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The FDIC (“Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation”) directly examines and supervises more than 4,900 United States banks for operational safety and soundness.  (As of January 2011, there were just less than 10,000 banks in the United States; about half are chartered by the federal government.) As part of its bank examinations,[..]

Federal Reserve

The Federal Reserve (also “the Fed”) is the central bank of the United States.  It behaves like a regulatory agency in some areas, but its main role in the file transfer industry is as the primary clearinghouse for interbank transactions batched up in files.  Nearly every bank or bank service[..]


The FFIEC (“Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council”) is a United States government regulatory body that ensures that principles, standards, and report forms are uniform across the most important financial regulatory agencies in the country. The agencies involved include the Federal Reserve (“the Fed”), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the[..]

FIPS 140-2

FIPS 140-2 is the most commonly referenced cryptography standard published by NIST.  “FIPS 140-2 cryptography” is a phrase used to indicate that NIST has tested a particular cryptography implementation and found that it meets FIPS 140-2 requirements. Among other things, FIPS 140-2 specifies which encryption algorithms (AES and Triple DES),[..]

FIPS 140-3

FIPS 140-3 will soon replace FIPS 140-2 as the standard NIST uses to validate cryptographic libraries. The standard is still in draft status, but could be issued in 2011. FIPS 140-2 has four levels of security: most cryptographic software uses “Level 1” and most cryptographic hardware uses “Level 3”.  FIPS[..]

FIPS Compliant

“FIPS compliant” is a slippery phrase that often indicates that the cryptography used in a particular solution implements some or all the algorithms specified in FIPS 140-2 (e.g., AES) but that the underlying cryptography component has not been validated by NIST laboratories. “FIPS validated” is much stronger statement.

FIPS Validated

“FIPS validated” is a label that indicates that the cryptography used in a particular solution implements some or all the algorithms specified in FIPS 140-2 (e.g., AES) and that the underlying cryptography component has been validated by NIST laboratories.  See “FIPS compliant” for a weaker statement.


Mozilla’s Firefox is a free, open source web browser that offers a similar browsing experience across a wide variety of desktop operating systems, including Windows, Macintosh and some Linux variants. As of December 2010, Firefox held about 30% of the desktop browser market, making it the #2 browser behind Internet[..]


Mime Čuvalo’s FireFTP is a free, full-featured, interactive FTP client that plugs into Mozilla Firefox as an add-on. FireFTP offers support for FTP, FTPS, SFTP and can remember a large number of connection profiles.  FireFTP supports integrity checks using MD5 and SHA1, file compression on the fly (i.e., “MODE Z”),[..]

Firewall Friendly

A file transfer protocol that is “firewall friendly” typically has most or all of the following attributes: 1) Uses a single port 2) Connects in to a server from the Internet 3) Uses TCP (so session-aware firewalls can inspect it) 4) Can be terminated or proxied by widely available proxy[..]

FTP File Transfer

The FTP File Transfer Protocol is a method used to transfer files from one computer to another through a network whether that’s an internal network (from one computer to another within the same network) or more commonly a Wide Area Network such as the Internet. An FTP site is a[..]

FTP with PGP

The term “FTP with PGP” describes a workflow that combines the strong end-to-end encryption, integrity and signing of PGP with the FTP transfer protocol.  While FTPS can and often should be used to protect your FTP credentials, the underlying protocol in FTP with PGP workflows is often just plain old[..]

FTPS File Transfer

FTPS File Transfer, FTP Secure or FTP-SSL as it can be referred to, is a secure means of sending data over a network. Often misidentified as SFTP (an independent communications protocol in its own right), FTPS describes the sending of data using basic FTP run over a cryptographic protocol such as SSL (Secure Socket Layers) or TLS (Transport[..]